General Guidelines on How to Perform Eid Prayer at Home
WHY IS SALUT UL EID DONE
Salat-ul-Eid is considered either a sunnah, wajib (required), or fard kifaya (communal obligation) act of worship depending on the madhab you follow.
WHERE CAN IT BE DONE
It can be done at home, especially under these circumstances, either in congregation or individually. Salat-ul-Eid has additional takbeerat that differentiate it from the regular prayers.
HOW TO PREPARE FOR IT
On the morning of Eid, it is sunnah to take a shower (i.e. perform ghusl). It is also sunnah to start the day by eating dates. Even if you don’t eat or have access to dates, eat before you pray. Eid al-Adha, on the other hand, you would pray first and then eat. However, since we’ve been fasting for a month, we eat first thing in the morning before Eid al-Fitr prayer to indicate the fasting of Ramadan has ended. Remember, it is prohibited to fast on the first day of Eid al-Fitr.
WHEN TO HAVE IT
Eid prayer must be performed after the sun has risen. As a result, you cannot pray the Eid prayer immediately after Fajr. Also, Eid prayer must be performed before zawaal. Zawaal refers to the time in which the sun has reached zenith, its highest point in the sky.
Therefore, my recommendation is to perform the Eid prayer anytime between the hours of 7:00AM and 12:00PM.
There is no khutbah (sermon) after the prayer if you pray at home. However, you can listen to a sermon online because it’s mandub (recommended), not wajib (required) to listen to a khutbah.
Islamic Relief will have a live Eid Khutbah (see the live stream above) at 8:30am Pacific, 9:30am Mountain, 10:30am Central, and 11:30 am Eastern.
You can pray the Eid prayer before then and tune in to listen.
HOW IT IS DONE
Unique Elements of Eid prayer:
1. No adhan or iqama
2. Extra takbeerat (saying Allahu Akbar)
3. Two rakahs
Eid Prayer in Accordance with the Hanafi Madhab:
1. When you stand up to pray, first do takbeerat al-ihram (Allahu akbar) to open the salah
2. Say the takbeer 3 times before beginning to recite from the Qur’an.
3. Recite Surah Al-Fatiha followed by another surah.
(Sunnah was Surah Al-Alaa and Surah Ghashiya or Surah Qaf and Surah Qamar for first and second rakas, respectively. But it is okay to recite other surahs.)
4. Perform rukuu and two sajdas as normal. This concludes the first rakah.
5. After you come up from sujood from the first rakah, you recite Surah Al-Fatiha plus another surah.
6. After the surah, say the takbeer 3 times, then 1 additional takbeer to go to rukuu.
7. After rukuu, you continue with two sajdas and the final sitting as normal to conclude the prayer.
Eid Prayer in Accordance with the Maliki Madhab:
1. Begin with takbeerat al-ihram to open the prayer, then 6 additional takbeer. It is better (sunnah) to pause at this point for people behind you in order for them to repeat after you.
2. Recite Surah Al-Fatiha plus another surah.
3. Make rukuu, sujood, and come up from the first rakah saying 1 takbeer, as normal.
4. Say 5 additional takbeers before continuing on through your second rakah as normal.
Eid Prayer in Accordance with the Shafi’i Madhab:
1. Begin with 7 takbeers and then Quran recitation, rukuu, and sujood, as normal.
2. When you get up from the first rakah saying 1 takbeer, then do 5 additional takbeers.
3. Continue on through the second rakah as normal.
After maghrib on the day before Eid, you start saying Takbeerat ul-Eid. After you pray the Eid prayer, the Takbeerat ul-Eid stops. This is different from Eid-al-Adha, which we do takbeerat for 3 days following the Eid prayer.