Despite its mineral wealth, Guinea, in West Africa, is one of the poorest countries in the world. It ranks 178th of 187 countries classified by the United Nations Development Program Human Development Index and more than half of its 9.45 million people live below the poverty line. Nearly 20 percent of the population lives in extreme poverty with food insecurity and malnutrition among children being chief problems in Guinea.
Poverty is especially prevalent in rural areas, where approximately 67 percent of Guineans live. There are few income generation opportunities among rural communities other than farming, and there’s a huge discrepancy in the availability of basic services such as health care, education and water.
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