Tunisia is considered a high human development country, ranking 94 of 187 countries by the United Nations by 2013. Between 1980 and 2012, Tunisia’s life expectancy at birth increased by 12.6 years, average years of schooling increased by 4.5 years and expected years of schooling increased by 6.4 years.
Political instability that began in 2011 strained Tunisia’s economy, however. Fifteen percent of the workforce is unemployed. In some areas of rural and western Tunisia, up to three-quarters of the population struggles to afford food.
Despite its own challenges, Tunisia opened its borders in 2011 to Libyan refugees—more than 1 million at the height of the conflict, a significant strain on the country’s resources.